Luis Gianneo – 1897

Luis Gianneo (January 9, 1897-August 15, 1968)

 Argentine composer, conductor and pianist. He received his earliest musical training from his father, later studying with Ernesto Drangosch (piano), Luis Romaniello (piano), Constantino Gaitogianneo (harmony) and Eduardo Fornarini (composition). From 1923 to 1942 he lived in Tucumán, where he co-directed the Instituto Musical and conducted the Asociación Sinfónica. Beginning in 1943, he settled permanently in Buenos Aires, teaching at the Conservatorio Provincial de Música (1949–65), the Universidad Nacional de la Plata (1956–66) and the Universidad Católica Argentina (1964–8). He served as Interventor (1955–8) and Director (1958–60) of the Conservatorio Nacional de Música. In addition, Gianneo founded and directed two youth orchestras, which maintained outstanding standards of musical performance. He was a member of the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes, vice-president of the Sociedad Argentina de Educación, and the recipient of a grant from the Comisión Nacional de Cultura.

Gianneo is acknowledged as a leading Latin American composer and one of the first in Argentina to integrate folk idioms with contemporary musical techniques. He composed 80 works covering all genres (except opera), and he is especially known for his orchestral and chamber music. Gianneo’s early compositions (1923–32) reveal a fascination with the indigenous culture and landscape of northwestern Argentina. Later, he embraced a neo-classical aesthetic (1933–60), and in his final works (1960–68) adapted a dissonant harmonic language and the free use of serialism. His popular symphonic poem, El tarco en flor (1930), pays tribute to the exquisite blooming trees of Tucumán. His Concierto Aymará (1942), based on pentatonic themes, won second prize in an international competition sponsored by the Edwin A. Fleischer Collection. Gianneo’s music has been recorded on historical and contemporary labels (including Preludio, Pampa, Qualiton, Angel, Odeón, Dorian and RCA Camden), and numerous taped copies of his works survive in national and municipal radio archives of Buenos Aires.

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article url: http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com:80/subscriber/article/grove/music/11073

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